The development of production technology has helped the wood engineering industry to have more and more choices of smart materials. Outstanding among them can not be ignored is veneer wood. So what is the essence of veneer wood? What are the advantages and applicability of Veneer wood? Join us to find out right through the following article content!
What is Veneer wood?
Veneer wood, also known as veneer wood. In essence, veneer wood is also basically derived from natural wood. However, instead of using monolithic wood to process objects, people will slice into thin boards with a thickness of about 0.3mm-0.6mm and usually not exceed 3mm (1/8 inch). Then, this veneer will be glued to industrial wood reinforcement (MDF, MFC, Plywood wood, …) to create products with a look no different from natural wood.
Characteristics of Wood Veneer
It can be said that if you do not have much experience in the field of wood production, you will certainly not be able to distinguish veneer wood and natural wood when observed with the naked eye. Because veneer wood has the characteristics of both natural and industrial wood.
First, in terms of appearance, veneer wood possesses the perfect color and texture of natural wood. The inner core brings the characteristics of industrial wood in terms of resistance to termites and effective cost savings. Therefore, this smart material is currently very popular both for consumers and furniture manufacturers.
Advantages and disadvantages of wood veneer
For a clearer view, let’s analyze in detail the pros and cons of Veneer wood:
An undeniable fact is the very high aesthetics of natural wood furniture. However, imagine that if only focusing on logging to serve human needs, how many stumps will be cut down?
Faced with the problem of protecting trees and the natural environment, this wood can be seen as an extremely effective measure when dealing with the supply of raw materials. At the same time, with the variety of colors, wood grain, veneer wood products also meet the needs of customers in terms of aesthetics.
Not to mention the cost of these products is much lower than natural wood, suitable for the financial capacity of many different customer segments. In particular, the faster veneer wood construction time also helps reduce costs for wood manufacturers and furniture processing.
However, any material has certain limitations. First of all, compared to natural wood, the durability and waterproof ability of veneer wood are often much worse. Because of the manufacturing process, people have to use specialized glue to stick veneers as a surface for industrial woodblocks.
Over time, if there are external effects or other factors such as temperature and humidity, this adhesive can gradually decrease adhesion and cause the veneer to peel off or warp. Therefore, it can be seen that the majority of veneer wood today is usually only used for furniture placed in a dry place and less affected by external natural factors.
Compare the differences between Veneer with natural wood and Melamine wood (MFC)
As we know, veneer wood is a combination between natural wood and industrial wood (MFC). So how to distinguish veneer wood from these two types of wood. Try to find out why you!
Distinguishing Veneer from natural wood (meat wood)
If observed with the naked eye, indeed it will be very difficult for us to distinguish between veneer wood and flesh wood. However, in terms of weight, veneer wood will be much lighter. At the same time, the natural wood structure will be sturdy and firm, so it is more waterproof and anti-warping.
Besides, if cut out and observed inside, you will see that the veneer wood has a two-layer structure with different colors, including a thin layer of natural wood outside and the rest inside is industrial wood. . Finally, if you pay attention you will also see the difference between natural wood and veneer wood in the outer veneer.
Due to being made from a single block of wood, the lines on natural wood often have a seamless and uniform color. Meanwhile, the surface of veneer wood is usually the cohesion of many wood boards, so the lines will not be seamless with each other.
Distinguish Veneer wood from MFC
In terms of production techniques, MFC wood is also bonded from many layers together. However, if the veneer wood has a completely natural wood outer layer, then MFC wood is a hard plastic layer. Therefore, although the aesthetics are not as beautiful as veneer wood, but MFC wood has better scratch resistance.
At the same time, for MFC wood we can use gasoline, oil, or chemicals to treat stains, and veneer wood is not. On the contrary, veneer wood can be used to make various shapes such as bent furniture while MFC wood is completely impossible.
How many types of wood veneer are available today
It will be difficult to statistically figure out how many types of veneer wood there are. Because we can use any type of natural wood to process the surface for veneer wood. However, the most popular and popular on the market today, it is necessary to mention the following types of wood:
The outer layer of oak veneer is made from oak wood, also known as OAK. The origin of this wood is mainly imported from the US or Europe. Although oak veneer has good impact resistance, can be bent by steam, but it is deformed at high temperatures when dried or sun-dried. Therefore this type of wood is often used mainly to make tables, chairs, beds, …
Walnut Veneer Wood
Walnut wood is the wood that is rated for high durability and best quality today. At the same time, outside, we can recognize this is walnut wood by its characteristic cream white color, in the center of the wood is light brown or chocolate. Some rare types of walnut wood also have a reddish-purple sheen and dark stripes that look beautiful and luxurious.
Most of the current walnut veneer wood in our country is usually imported from North America. With the above characteristics, walnut veneer wood is quite popular with consumers because of its resistance to heat and humidity, high durability, and quite suitable for climatic conditions in many countries.
Peach oval veneer
Similar to walnut veneer, veneer made of peach wood is also popular with many people. The color of the oval wood is quite beautiful with a characteristic dark red color (clearly distinguished from the pale yellow oval of the wood). Especially, the width of Xoan Dao wood is quite large, straight, and even with the wooden surface, so it can be used as a large bed, tabletop or wardrobe, …
Veneer wood production process
Although it is not too complicated, to produce good quality products requires the production of veneer wood to ensure careful and accurate implementation of the following steps:
- Step 1: Prepare natural wood materials. First, wood for use as a veneer layer needs to be treated when peeling, soaking, or boiling, removing the plastic, and then drying or drying. Normally, wood types imported from abroad will be completely processed before they are but veneer wood in international markets has also been naturally exported to the consuming countries.
- Step 2: Peel the woodblock into thin slices
- Step 3: Use an industrial dryer to dry
- Step 4: Apply special glue to the surface of industrial wood reinforcement
- Step 5: Paste the veneer layer on the surface of the wood that has just been glued with a cold press or a hot press
- Step 6: Perform sanding to treat the surface combined with polishing for smooth and flat
- Step 7: Check the quality of finished products and export them for consumption
Application of Veneer in the interior
Veneer wood in international markets has also long been known and widely used in most interior decoration products. Some of the most common applications of veneer wood can be mentioned as:
Veneer wood floor
In the past, ceramic tiles were commonly used in flooring, now the trend of using wood is becoming more and more popular. This is a way to make the space inside your house luxurious, modern but equally warm and close to nature.
Especially the floor is the area that occupies the most area in the house. Therefore, the use of veneer wood will be an extremely effective cost-saving measure, while still ensuring the aesthetics of natural wood flooring.
Veneer wooden bed
It can be said that the bed is one of the most important pieces of furniture worth investing in the space of a bedroom. A solid bed with the correct taste will help you get relaxed and safe after a tiring working day. With delicate wood lines and a variety of color palettes, a veneer wooden bed will be a great suggestion for your home.
Veneer wooden wardrobe
If you are concerned about the quality as well as the unpleasant smell of the plastic cabinets, please refer to a wardrobe made of this veneer wood material!
Wood Vennaturaler Decorative Shelves
Not only stopping at the basic furniture but veneer wood can also be used as decorative highlights. You can freely choose colors as well as veneer decorative shelves according to your style or preference.
Above is all the important information to know regarding veneer wood. Hopefully, the article has helped you better understand this material. From there you can make the choice that best suits your needs and usage conditions!