Types of Upper Floors That You Can Use in Your House

Looking for the types of upper floors that you must know for building a beautiful house? Then you came to the right place.

In the process of making a house, after installing the roof, it is usually followed by flooring. Choosing the right type of floor will further beautify the interior of the house.

To start the floor installation, the base underneath must be leveled first, usually using cement, then when the surface is level, the floor material is ready to be installed.

Based on its availability in nature, there are two materials for making floors, namely natural and synthetic (artificial) materials you can use for bother below and upper floors.

Types of Upper Floors

Here are the best recommendations for upper floors for your house:


Tegel (read: tehel) is a type of floor that is the longest used by houses in the country. Just look at our grandparents’ house, of course, they still use this type of floor.

Tegel is made of a mixture of cement, concrete sand and watered on top of it so that the top surface is smooth. It is about 1 inch thick, and is usually quite heavy.

Because it is made from a mixture of cement, the tile color is gray and seems boring. This type of flooring is starting to be abandoned with the discovery of new alternative flooring materials, such as terrazzo, ceramic and marble.


Terrazzo (terrazo) is a material commonly used as floor coverings and building walls. Terrazzo is like artificial marble. There are two types of terrazzo floors, namely those with glossy surfaces and those with rough surfaces.

In essence, terrazzo is almost the same as tile, what distinguishes it is that the top layer is mixed with terrazo stone so that there are more color choices than tiles.

Please note, the origin of the word terrazzo comes from Italian (terrazza) which means floor covering. There, terrazzo is the result of waste from marble mining which is reprocessed into an alternative floor. When in many countries was colonized by the Dutch, this type of floor became known to our people.

Stone Floor

Stone floors are usually used to cover the front of the house (terrace) and the bathroom, because the rough surface is good for standing (so that it is not slippery). In addition, this type of floor was quite popular during the war era because it did not require special maintenance and was strong.

Stone floors are also widely used as pedestrians’ footholds in city parks, squares and mosques.


Ceramics are popular because of the many choices of colors, shapes, patterns and textures, so this type of floor is used by most houses in many countries.

Ceramics are made of clay (clay) which is burned at a certain temperature, then coated with a layer of glaze which forms a unique texture, color and pattern of ceramics. Because it is made of clay, this type of floor does not transmit the heat it receives, so the room above it feels cool.


Marble or marble is one of the most durable and versatile types of flooring. Apart from being used for floors, this material can also be used as a coating for house walls or pillar walls.

Usually this material is more expensive than ceramics because it comes from chunks of alabaster that are held together with a certain pressure and temperature. Natural, shiny, and always dry colors are the hallmarks of this one floor.


If marble easily absorbs liquid, in contrast to granite, this material has less absorption, meaning that the pores are tighter so it doesn’t take much effort to treat this type of floor.

Even though the particle arrangement is tight, the outer surface is not rough but instead shiny like glass. In addition, granite has greater load resistance than ceramic and marble, up to 500 kg per square meter.

This strength is due to the density of the granite, which is about 2.7 grams per cubic centimeter. Luxury buildings, such as hotels, offices and palaces usually use granite floors. This stone is always a choice to beautify the kitchen space.


The next type of floor is made of wood or parquet. Usually this based floor is popular because of its aesthetic value and better comfort than stone-based floors.

In general, there are three types of parquet floors, namely

  • Solid parquet,
  • Parquet engineering and
  • Parquet laminate.

Solid parquet is a type of floor made of solid wood which is cut and split to a certain size. Commonly used wood such as teak, sono rivet, merbau, ironwood and several other types of hardwood.

While engineering parquet is a type of floor made of plywood (low quality solid wood) covered with veneer of high quality wood on the top surface. Finally, parquet laminate is made from wood dust mixed with certain chemicals. For laminates discussed separately.


In urban homes the use of solid wood-based flooring types is increasing, but as the price of wood raw materials increases, laminated flooring is created, namely flooring made of wood powder and pulp which is processed with certain pressures and temperatures.

Besides the price is more affordable than real wood floors, installation is quite easy and fast. It can even be done independently. The following is the technical installation:

First, prepare equipment including: saws, elbows, pens, hammers, chisels, large plastic duct tape, and a few pieces of wood for the batting pads.

Second, prepare as much polyfoam as the area of ​​the room as the laminate floor. The use of polyfoam is to prevent direct evaporation from the ground floor onto synthetic wood.

Third, spread the polyfoam on the floor surface to cover the entire room on the flooring.

Fourth, cover each polyfoam connection with plastic duct tape.

Fifth, start installing this synthetic wood one by one, starting from the edge of the room by connecting the locks on each piece. Do it until the entire room is covered with this laminate floor.


Vinyl is a type of floor made from polyvinyl chloride or a material commonly used to make PVC paralon. Vinyl or laminate are basically types of floors designed to meet the demand for floors that are fashionable, modern, elegant but cheap in a pocket.

One of the characteristics of vinyl is that the top surface is smoother than wood floors, while the bottom side is usually installed with a layer of adhesive plus cork, so that when you step on it it will feel comfortable and flexible.

Floor Painting (3D)

If we want a floor that is different from the model in the shop, and has your own design or drawing, there is no harm in trying 3D painting floors. This type of floor allows us to have an exclusive, unique, and of course eye-catching floor.

However, the 3D floor is not suitable if applied to the entire room, because it will look very crowded and in fact seem “full” of the house. This type of floor is suitable for bedroom floors, study floors or bathroom floors.

The material itself can be made of laminate, vinyl or painted ceramics. Then, 3D floors usually require a reliable painter, which of course adds to the cost of making floors.

Those are some types of house floors that can be used as reference materials in choosing floor materials that suit the needs of your home, hopefully the information this time adds to our insight.

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