Depending upon the arrangement of beams and girders for supporting the flooring there are different types of upper floors it may be concrete, timber, etc.
Also it depends upon the materials used in the construction of the entire system.
Types of Upper floors
The upper floors are classified into the following different types:
Suspended Timber Upper Floor
A suspended timber floor is normally built utilizing timber joists suspended from bearing dividers, which are then secured with either floorboards or some other form of boarding material. The joists are commonly laid over the most limited range.
Ventilation might be given to the void between the floor and the roof beneath by putting air vents/air blocks inside the outside dividers, permitting air to go from one side of the structure to the next.
This can, notwithstanding, cause an issue of drafts, which can be evaded by introducing a water/air proof breather film which will help keep up an impermeable seal.
Suspended Concrete Upper Floors
The development of suspended concrete floors is like that of timber yet can traverse more prominent separations, and offer better stable protection properties.
A basic strengthened concrete level section isn’t generally prudent as a suspended floor crossing more than 5 m.
Different arrangements incorporate pre-projected concrete boards or pre-projected concrete pillars with concrete squares laid between them. Voids can be made by bars or ribs, or cast-in gaps, to house administrations, just as offering help for suspended or joined roofs.
Bigger bars permit a more noteworthy range, yet require more prominent generally speaking profundity and more mind boggling formwork and fortification.
Ribbed Type of Upper Floors
Ribbed floors utilize thin separated shallow shafts, or ribs, instead of wide-dispersed profound pillars. Troughed floors are ribbed just a single way, while coffered or waffle floors are ribbed in two ways.
Ribbed floors have more noteworthy range and burden potential per unit weight than level chunk development.
Hollow pot floor
This is a ribbed cast in situ floor with changeless formwork as hollow mud or concrete pots. This makes a level soffit, permitting the immediate use of a mortar finish or dry coating.
The pot voids can be utilized to contain little distance across administrations inside the general piece profundity. The most well-known structure is a single direction spreading over floor, albeit two-way traversing is additionally conceivable.
A raised floor (in some cases alluded to as an entrance floor or raised admittance floor) is a floor made over a strong floor piece, leaving an open void between the two.
This void can be utilized to disperse building administrations. Raised floors are often found in offices, or in spaces that have an appeal for data and interchange framework, for example, server farms.
Plenums are air compartments or chambers, either above suspended roofs, in the hole between the roof and the floor chunk, or underneath raised floors in the hole between the raised floor and the floor piece. They structure part of the ventilation framework for the structure.
A floating floor is a floor that isn’t fixed to the layer underneath it. Floating floors are especially basic in renovation works, and can be utilized to help improve the warm or acoustic protection of a floor development.
Sprung floors are utilized for exercises, for example, move, indoor games, and multi-reason lobbies where explicit properties of stun retention and vitality return are alluring to lessen the event of wounds that may result from rehashed effect or falls. They can likewise help boost execution.
The term ‘separating floor’ is commonly used to depict a floor intended to limit the section of sound between the spaces above and underneath. It is most generally utilized corresponding to private structures.
Mainly most of the people are aware of these upper floors types:
- Timber Floors
- Single floors
- Double Floors
- Framed Floors
- Timber Floors Supported on Rolled Steel Joists
- Flagstone Floors Resting on Steel Joists
- Jack Arch Flooring
- Ribbed Floors
- Precast Concrete Floor
If you have any questions regarding these types of upper floors? Feel free to ask.