Types of Exterior Building Materials

Types of building materials for the beauty of the building exterior. The exterior beauty is influenced by many aspects. Among them are designed, colors, building shapes, and materials.

The choice of material for the exterior has a big effect because it can display a variety of different forms. The choice of the right material will make the residence by the desired concept.

Here are some types of materials that are relatively popular for the exterior with their respective characteristics

Types of Exterior Building Materials


Wood has a natural texture and color that expresses warmth, especially dark wood. Apart from being relatively expensive, wood needs an antifungal, anti-mildew, and anti-creeping coating regularly. Wood that is suitable for the exterior, for example, ironwood, ironwood, Merbau, sea resin.

Cement Board and Conwood

Cement boards and concrete wood ( conwood ) are artificial materials with a wood-like appearance. No less resistance than wood, even anti-crawl, and fungus. The price is relatively cheaper than wood.

Natural Stone

Natural stone has various types with unique natural shapes, colors, and textures. Some of the popular ones include templek, andesite, slatestone, sandstone, and coral. It needs an anti-fungal and anti-moss coating to hold it and look more attractive.

Exposed Brick

Exposure brick has a distinctive texture and color (brownish red in various tones) that gives it a natural, warm, and exotic impression. It needs an anti-fungal and anti-moss coating to hold it and look more attractive.

Exposed Concrete

The exposed concrete is gray in various tones, easy to match with other colors. The impression is firm, sturdy, and modern. This material is relatively resistant to weather changes. For ease and speed of installation, precast concrete walls can be an option.


Ceramics, give a modern impression and have high resistance to friction, heat, and weather changes. There are many choices of colors and textures, and the maintenance is relatively easy and there is even a special cleaning agent.


Paint (wall, wood, and iron) is easy to apply and many color choices can be adjusted to the desired appearance. Each color creates a different impression. For example, white is clean and light and goes well with any color. Red or orange is bold and works great for accents. The application to the facade must be used with exterior paint that is leak-proof, weather-resistant, anti-stain, anti-fungal, anti-moss, anti-rust so that it does not fade and peel quickly. With certain techniques, a painted surface that displays a certain texture can be produced.


Glass is translucent and gives a reflective effect, has a smooth texture, looks light, and has a modern feel, as well as being waterproof and anti-wing. Maintenance is relatively easy, but there is a risk of breaking if an earthquake occurs.


Metals (such as iron, steel, aluminum, and stainless ) have different textures depending on the type. For example fine-textured stainless, on the other hand, wrought iron looks rougher. As a facade material, several types of metal need a coating layer to be weather resistant (stainless).

Various exterior materials can be combined harmoniously. Before applying it, first, determine the desired building design so that the exterior character is by our wishes.

Tips for Choosing Exterior Facade Materials

The function is the first and foremost consideration in choosing a material.

Where the material will be applied and what will it be used for certainly greatly influences the choice.

The type of space and the intensity of its use will differentiate the material that must be used. An outside space (exterior) and an inside space (interior) also demand a different material character.

Currently, the times have brought changes in the development of product quality. Because technology continues to evolve, many material industries nowadays have produced multi-functional materials, so that a material can be used for interior and exterior use.

Likewise with the variety of applications, where several products can be used for both floors and walls.

In addition to function, pay attention to the durability and strength of the material. Choosing a strong and durable material is very important for the exterior.

Because the exterior is very exposed to the weather. This strength refers to certain conditions or specifications in which a material product can perform its function or role properly.

The selection of one type of material is also based on wear resistance and ease of maintenance.

Frequently Used Building Facade Materials

  1. Plaster Aci Finish Paint

One of the most widely used facade materials for all types of buildings is the aci finish plaster of the wall paint. That is because aci plaster is one of the standard items that are easy to obtain in material and easy to work with.

The only drawback is that in a high-rise building the use of aci plaster is rarely used because the results of the work are usually not neat, but for residential buildings, it may indeed be used very often. In addition, hair cracks often occur on the surface of the aci plaster. To prevent hair cracks in the aci plaster, you can use an instant mortar, which is more guaranteed of the quality of the material.

For the outer walls, it is recommended that the aci plaster be finished with special paint for the exterior of the building which is resistant to weather, such as weather shield paint.

  1. Natural Granite

Natural granite gives a luxurious impression to a building. Usually, natural granite facades are only on the bottom or outer walls of the ground floor, although it is also possible to use them on the upper floors. This is because the natural granite material is quite heavy, so it needs a strong frame and stands. Besides, the price is the most expensive when compared to other facade materials, although it also depends on the quality of the natural granite material chosen.

For outer walls, generally granite walls use a dry install system or use bracket brackets as a frame.

  1. Andesite natural stone

Andesite stone is also one of the natural materials that are often used for finishing building facades. Usually installed with a betel stacking system or a certain pattern.

  1. Aluminum Composite Panel

The aluminum composite panel material is usually installed with certain modules using a hollow aluminum or hollow metal frame. Usually used for office building façades, shop houses, and various other types of buildings, but rather rarely used for residential façades.

  1. Glass / Curtainwall

A glass curtain wall is often combined with aluminum composite panel material and is usually used in office buildings. Glass that is often used is heated glass and stained glass or reflective glass.

  1. Wood

This cladding material consists of wooden planks made of oak, pine, and cedar. The installation of the siding is usually lined up and overlapping (siding) to give the impression of “clapboard,” which leads to the term “plank house.” This wood siding will be naturally weather-resistant, environmentally friendly, and temperature insulating. This material is very durable but requires more maintenance than other types of cladding. The wood must be treated to prevent termites and painted to prevent termites.

  1. Exposed brick

Choose a special exposed brick. Soak the brick in the water before installing it. Place the exposed bricks with care and precision. Stir each of the cement-sand mixtures in equal parts. The difference in the ratio of the amount of cement and sand causes the color of the adhesive cement between the bricks to be different. If you want better results, use instant cement. Coat the installed and dry brick surface with varnish or finishing liquid that is resistant to weather changes. Also, add natural stone elements to give a beautiful accent to the exposed brick line.

  1. Aerated light brick

This brick is said to be lighter because it is 1/3 lighter than the red brick. The work process has become more time and cost-effective. Large size and lightweight make processing faster. It is also more flexible because it is easy to cut using ordinary wood cutting tools. It is not surprising that many currently use lightweight bricks as uniquely shaped pieces on the facade.

  1. Rooster stone

This vent, which is named a rooster or loster, is a work of art in making a vent. If usually you can find a vent only above the window, above the door, but by arranging a rooster or loster with a minimalist model that is ideally installed like a brick, it will certainly be a pretty solid design for you. The roster is not only to beautify your home but also to make it look that has a high artistic soul.

Hopefully, add to your insight in choosing materials to plan a beautiful house/facade with a charming design. Hopefully, this is useful,

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