Looking for the tools used for stone masonry works? Here you will discuss 12 tools that used for stone masonry works.
Stone masonry is one of the oldest stonework in human history. The Greeks and Romans already used it to build walls and divide rooms. It is a construction system by means of which stones are placed structurally and manually, one on top of the other. The masonry can be carried out with several and different materials; although one of the most frequently used is stone.
Natural stone masonry walls can be as high as desired. Natural stone pieces may or may not be edged and cut, depending on the desired end result. Their arrangement, size and appearance will determine the type of rigging of the same, although the most frequent is that the masonry walls in natural stone represent irregular rigging.
There are several types of masonry depending on whether or not some type of product or adhesion element is used between the stones. Currently, mortar or cement is usually used as it is more resistant. Formerly the clay, along with other elements, was essential to give consistency to the wall (ordinary masonry). On the other hand, so that the wall has stability, gravel can also be used. These are small stones that wedge the masonry and fill gaps (dry masonry).
When stone is used in construction, masonry is called stone masonry. The stone masonry work is not necessarily correct, but will improve the results.
There are very few tools that perform a wide variety of tasks for clean stone masonry. There are also air operated, pneumatic devices that make tasks faster and easier. Here are the tools you will need to work in natural stone masonry by hand.
Tools Used for Stone Masonry
The tools used in stone masonry are for the most part same as block masonry. Here are 12 tools used for stone masonry works:
A point is used for roughing out areas and knocking off high spots in the stones.
A chisel is used for general shaping and splitting stones. Chisels are accessible in various sizes with level, bladed, tightened and other formed chipping points.
Maybe the most essential execution in any artisan’s tool kit is a chisel.
Chisels are an amazingly antiquated apparatus, pre-dating mankind’s utilization of metal. Chisels can be made in different sizes and for an assortment of purposes. Bigger chisels are intended for essential harsh cuts, while littler chisels are intended for definite cutting.
Chisels can be made as universally useful tools, or they can be exceptionally made for certain kinds of materials, for example, rock, cement or sandstone.
Utilize a pitching device to trim level stone to measure. Pitching chisel is a normal stone bricklayers apparatus used to expel the undesirable stone from the face or sides of a masonry hinder that is being taken a shot at.
The state of the handle and the sharp edge is inclined uniquely on one side. Permit the masons pitcher can be hit with a sideways swing.
- Fashioned from great carbon steel
- Single angled edge
- Hexagonal shaft
- Solidified and tempered sharp edge
- Can be re-honed
A tracer is used to follow lines on the stone for splitting. The carbide tipped hand tracer is used for splitting a stone or for scoring stone in anticipation of trimming or splitting.
Utilize a chipper for squaring edges. The mason’s chipper is an altered variety of our offset hand set and offers an inclined sharp edge for rock facing, trimming or squaring stone. The angled cutting edge makes it simpler for the working edge of the carbide-tip to get buy on more adjusted or sporadic surfaces.
Likewise used for squaring, however when extra quality should be applied.
This device permits openings to be made by rotating between hammer strikes.
A hammer is used to strike a chisel or other execution to cut and shape the stone. A hammer is one of the direct tools used by hominids a huge number of years back. The chisel is similarly as old.
The last and conceivably the most well known masonry instrument is, obviously, the hammer. Made of a rectangular shape of metal put on a wooden handle, a hammer is typically used to move power from the artisan’s swing to a chisel or wedge. Hammers can likewise be made with the goal that they have one side that goes about as a chisel without anyone else, cutting out the center man or using a different chisel to cut stone.
A wedge is a basic triangle of metal that is used to assist split with stoning along normally occurring separation points. The limited finish of the wedge is set into the break or split in the stone until it can’t go any further. At that point the wedge is hit with a hammer to drive it in more profoundly to part the stone separated. The power used on the wedge regularly influences exactly how the stone split. Harder power prompts a more quick partition, however gentler power may be important to manage the wedge along a particular break. A wedge just works to grow and improve normally occurring breaks; it isn’t used as a hatchet to cleave through the smooth stone.
Another good old masonry device is a basic metal wire. The wire is pulled to and fro over the stone, and as the wire rubs over the stone, it dives in to make a depression. This furrow gets further and more profound, in the long run going profound enough to slice through the stone. Since the wire has no teeth, sand is added to the outside of the stone to go about as coarseness. The sand at that point goes about as the ‘teeth’ of a saw, and the wire gives the directional direction to the teeth to cut.
Wooden headed Hammer
It is a wooden headed hammer used for wooden headed chisels.
It is used for carving stones.
What is STONE MASONRY?
Masonry is the traditional construction system that consists of erecting walls and walls, for various purposes, by manually placing the elements or materials that compose them (called masonry), which can be, for example:
- Precast concrete blocks
- Stones, carved in regular shapes or not
This system allows a reduction in the waste of the materials used and generates load-bearing facades; it is suitable for constructions at great heights. Most of the construction is structural.
The arrangement and interlocking given to the materials used in the walls is called rigging. At present, a cement-sand mortar or mortar is generally used to join the pieces with the addition of a suitable amount of water.
In the past, mud was also used, to which other natural elements such as straw were added, and in some rural areas cow and horse excrement.
In some cases it is convenient to build the wall without using mortar, calling the resulting walls “dry walls” or “dry rope”. This type of wall work is typical of traditional rural constructions, for example, in the Alpujarra of Granada in the Andalusia region of Spain.
When the element that makes up the wall is an ashlar, the resulting factory is called bone ashlar masonry, in which the ashlars are laid dry without material that comes between them.
When the element that makes up the wall is a masonry, the factory is called dry masonry, in which the masonry is placed without mortar to join them, and at most they are wedged with rubble.
It is one whose main function is to form walls that serve to divide spaces, without having an express or tacit function of supporting ceilings or upper levels. This type of masonry forms the partitions or facades in buildings with supporting systems in concrete, steel or even wood frames.
The bearing masonry imposes, in addition to the characteristics listed above, according to the type of exposure, the need for a superior resistance in the elements, sufficient to withstand the loads that it must bear, or that have a resistance such that the structure is designed to her. This in terms of the units, but as a whole, the participation of the reinforcement appears, which has given it the dimension that masonry has today, within the structural systems.
ON EXTERNAL WALLS
The exposure conditions on facades, foundations, etc., where there may be a presence of water on at least one side of the wall, whether it is bearing or not, entails the need for units with low permeability and absorption in order to prevent the entry of water through the wall.
Of course, this phenomenon is greatly reduced when the wall is additionally protected by means of plasters, paints, waterproofing, etc.
From the point of view of resistance, it is not presented as a critical factor, as long as it withstands the elements and is stable over time.
ON INTERIOR WALLS
In interior walls or partitions, the conditions are the minimum, since it is understood that neither from the load point of view nor from the hydraulic or thermal point of view there will be significant stresses.
Under these conditions, the uniformity and dimensional stability of the units deserves special care, in order to reduce the amount of finishing materials and avoid cracking of the walls due to the separation of the units and the mortar.
ACCORDING TO THE REINFORCEMENT
The presence of the reinforcement in the masonry determined its liberation, as a structural system, from the ties of compressive, tensile and shear resistance.
The “all concrete” structural masonry is, rather than an alternative, a true thermal possibility because it allows the whole building to be made in a modular way and using a very limited number of resources, in terms of materials, all of them based on the use of cement ( injection mortars, glue mortars, concrete blocks, concrete slabs, etc.).
NOT REINFORCED (TRADITIONAL OR SIMPLE)
Although we speak of bearing masonry, for a long time unreinforced masonry was used, in the same way as clay masonry had been used.
This is no longer possible in the light of modern structural codes, but there are countless works executed in this way during the 1950s and 1960s; and even today with some, which, given their magnitude or because they are not under the controls of the entities in charge of carrying them out, continue to be carried out in this way.
Structural reinforced masonry has made it possible to extend the historical concept of masonry to much thinner-walled structures with heights of up to 20 stories, a level up to which it is considered economically feasible to construct concrete masonry buildings.
In our environment, although structures of up to 14 stories have been achieved, the use of structural masonry for one- and two-story homes and for 5-story multi-family homes predominates, forming large units.
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