Difference Between Footing and Foundation

Looking for the difference between footing and foundation? Then you came to the right place. Here we will discuss the footing and foundation’s definition and main differences.

What is Footing? 

Foundation Definition: The footing is by and large supporting segments and might be round, square, or rectangular at an arrangement and in area. 

They might be of the chunk — ventured or slanting sort. Thia ventured footing results at a preferable appropriation of burden over a peace footing. 

An inclined footing isn’t less efficient, even though constructional issues are related to this slanting surface. 

The confined spread footing at plain cement has the benefit that the segment had is moved to the dirt through scattering at the footing. 

Foundation detail: In built-up solid footings. i.e., cushions. This section is treated as an altered cantilever bearing this dirt pressing factor and upheld by the segment. 

Where a two-way footing is given, it very well may be supported at two bearings of bowing with bars of steel put in this lower part of the cushion corresponding to its sides. 

On the off chance that clearances license, two-way square footings used to decrease the twisting minutes. Whereat least one section is set on cushions (joined footing). 

Their shapes can be rectangular or trapezoidal; the last delivers a more conservative plan where huge differences of the greatness of the section loads exist or where rectangular footings can’t be obliged. 

This gives cushion type/consolidated footings and their conduct under outside burdens and bearing pressing factors: average support enumerating for two diverse joined footings in sectional heights and plan. 

The particulars and amounts can change contingent upon the section loads and the spread region. 

What Is Foundation? 

Characterize Footings: Foundation Engineering is a subject based on the essential standards of Soil Mechanics, Soil Hydraulics, and Structural Mechanics. 

Every one of these three together might be considered as the mainstays of Foundation Engineering. 

An off-base use of the standards of any of the three subjects may prompt a defective plan of the foundation. 

Speculations have been created for the plan of foundations to suit ideal soil conditions. 

In any case, such conditions seldom exist in nature since soils found in normal conditions are generally heterogeneous in character. 

Speculations can be altered or changed by suit field conditions. 

A foundation is a piece of a superstructure. 

The burdens and strains that are brought to the foundation from the superstructure would prompt cooperation between the foundation’s primary component and the dirt encompassing it. 

It is this communication that is hard to assess, as this is a significant complex wonder. 

The speculations that have been created for ideal conditions don’t consider every one of the factors that would prompt the cooperation between the dirt and the foundation component. 

Meaning and Definition of Foundation

Maybe you often hear the word foundation or the word foundation by our society before. If not, this word is usually used more often in the world of construction, maybe for the layman hear the word foundation when building a house, or when going to buy a house. Usually, the foundation is one of the items that will be discussed there.

Indeed, there are several opinions regarding the meaning of foundation/foundation, but according to the Big Indonesian Dictionary, the word foundation has a meaning, namely: foundation / fon-da-si / n the foundation of a strong building, usually (found) under the surface of the ground where the building is erected. ; fundamentals.

In the language of foundation construction/foundation can be interpreted as a part of the building that is at the bottom of the construction, which has the task of supporting the main building above it, so that it remains in a predetermined position, for as long as possible. Construction failure can occur if the position of the building is no longer in its original position, or this event can also be called structural failure.

The foundation can also be interpreted as part of building construction, which connects the building above (the main building) and the hard soil layer underneath. Because the foundation has a function as a liaison, that is why the foundation is also responsible for transferring the load from the building above to the hard soil layer below it.

The load that must be channeled by the foundation into the ground is all the loads received by the building, for example, the load of the building itself or commonly referred to as a dead load, then the items in the building and the people moving in the building or so-called. as a living load. Apart from living loads and dead loads, the foundation also has the duty to withstand other loads, for example, such as wind loads and earthquake loads.

The presence of a water table would make the connection issue even harder to address. 

It is, consequently, fundamental that a plan designer ought to have careful information on the hypotheses he needs to use for the plan of foundations and likewise its impediments. 

Information on the speculations and its limits without help from anyone else won’t prompt the plan of a completely secure foundation if the ecological conditions, the strength, and settlement attributes of the dirt are not appropriately known ahead of time. 

An ideal plan engineer, in this manner, is the person who has intensive information on the hypotheses and the field conditions and additionally who can change or change the plan to suit the field conditions. 

This requires, subsequently, a functional and practical way to deal with the issue of plan and development while keeping in view the security and financial aspects of the undertaking. 

Types of Foundations for Building Construction

The foundation is the most important element in every building because without a foundation the building will not be strong to support the loads on it. In addition to making the base of the building, the foundation also functions as a medium for channeling the top load into the ground.

The foundation used varies depending on the shape of the building, for multi-story buildings usually use a deep foundation, while for simple buildings, a shallow foundation is used.

Before making a foundation, a soil survey is usually carried out and a feasibility test and soil bearing capacity are carried out. After that, then determine a suitable foundation to be made as a support for the building.
The purpose of determining the land for making the foundation is to reduce development costs so that it is not too far away, and can last a long time due to the influence of natural factors or other factors. Foundations have two types, namely deep and shallow foundations.

Deep foundations are foundations made with a certain depth to find the hardest bearing capacity of the soil, usually deep foundations for Bangunan that have heavy loads such as hotels, bridges, towers, and others. The deep foundation also has several types, namely:

Pile Foundation

A pile foundation is a foundation that implants a precast pile or foundation by being hit by a hammer on the tool (diesel hammer). The foundation will be erected first and then the hammer will knock the foundation to a certain depth that has been planned.

Bore Pile Foundation

A Bore Pile foundation is a foundation that makes a hole with a depth of up to several meters, drilling holes needs to be done with the help of heavy equipment to facilitate the work process. After making a hole, reinforcement will be installed into the hole and then casting it to the ground surface.

A shallow foundation is a foundation that supports the load of the building directly to the ground. This foundation is used by simple buildings such as houses, hospitals, mosques, and others. Shallow foundations have several types, namely:

Footprint Foundation

A Tread foundation is a foundation that is square or rectangular, on a tread foundation that supports centric loads without a moment.

Continuous Foundation

The continuous foundation is the foundation used for non-terraced residential buildings, this foundation can transmit the load of the building through walls and columns directly into the ground.

Raft Foundation

A raft foundation is a foundation that is used for buildings that are located on soft soil so that the column arrangement will be close in all directions, so the foundation of the palms will coincide with each other.

Difference Between Footing and Foundation 


  • The foundation is an overall articulation for primary components that upholds the superstructure just as the supporting soil 
  • A development that is in contact with the ground. 
  • A construction that moves the heap from the superstructure to this ground 
  • This is an offers help to the whole structure 
  • It analogized with the feet of the leg. 
  • Foundation are of two kinds, shallow and profound foundation 
  • This is the storm cellar of the divider 
  • This Footing incorporates sections, rebar which is manufactured of brickwork, stonework, or cement. 
  • Footing builds up to help an individual segment. 
  • the number of footings rests on a foundation. 
  • This is Footing sends stacks straightforwardly to the dirt. 
  • All foundations can’t be footing 


  • while the footing is addressed as the shallow primary component that upholds the superstructure. 
  • A construction that moves its gravity burdens to earth from superstructure. 
  • the foundation which is in contact with the earth. 
  • This offers help to singular sections. 
  • It very well may be analogized with the feet of the leg. 
  • This footing is a kind of shallow foundation 
  • This is under the foundation divider. 
  • Foundation types incorporate heaps, caissons, footings, wharves, horizontal backings, and anchors. 
  • this is Foundation is broad help since it offers to back to a gathering of footings as a whole structure 
  • This Foundation is the help that bears a wide range of loadings. 
  • This is the foundation is in direct contact with the dirt and communicates it to the ground. 
  • Be that as it may, all footings are foundations.

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